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OpenVPN Client Setup Question and how to save certificates on USB-stick

Discussion in 'Tomato Firmware' started by richyroland, Jul 9, 2017.

  1. richyroland

    richyroland New Member Member


    I got a configuration-file from my VPN-server, however, I am not sure how to interoduce the settings into Tomato.

    Furthermore, I want to safe the certificates to a USB-stick instead of writing them into the GUI. Anyway, I can't figure out, how to tell the router to use the certificates on the Stick... maybe a beginner's question, anyway, I would appreciate help.

    So here the settings of the ovpn - configuration -file that I have to translate to Tomato-settings:

    remote (ip deleted for forum) 80
    remote (ip deleted for forum) 443

    dev tun
    proto udp
    remote-cert-tls server
    cipher AES-256-CBC
    verb 3

    auth SHA512
    explicit-exit-notify 3
    key-direction 1

    tun-mtu 1500
    fragment 1300


    (key deleted for forum)
    -----END CERTIFICATE-----

    (key deleted for forum)
    -----END CERTIFICATE-----

    -----BEGIN PRIVATE KEY-----
    ....... (key deleted for forum)
    -----END PRIVATE KEY-----

    -----BEGIN OpenVPN Static key V1-----
    ........ (key deleted for forum)
    -----END OpenVPN Static key V1-----

    I tried these settings - no success:

    Start with WAN: Enable
    Interface Type: TUN
    Protocol UDP
    Server Address/Port: (deleted for forum)
    Firewall: Automatic
    Authrization Mode: TLS
    Username/Password Authentication: Enable
    Username: Username
    Password: pw
    Username Authen. Only: Disable
    Extra HMAC authorization (tls-auth): Disable
    Create NAT on tunnel: Enable

    Poll interval: 0 (=disabled)
    Redirect internet traffic: enable
    Accept DNS configuration: Exclusive
    Encryption cipher: AES-256-CBC
    Compression: Adaptive
    TLS Renegotionation time: -1 (=default)
    Connection retry: -1 (=infinite)
    Verify server certificate (tls-remote): disable
    Custom configuration: empty

    Certificate Authority: Copy-pasted <ca> - Certificate.
    Client Certificate: Copy-pasted <cert> - CERTIFICATE
    Client Key: Copy-pasted <key> PRIVATE KEY

    However, I did not find in particular two settings out of the configuration file:
    - where to seht "auth SHA512"
    - where to enter <tls-auth> OpenVPN Static key V1
    - where to set: tun-mtu 1500
    - where to set: fragment 1300
    - where to set: mssfix

    THANKS for help!
    Last edited: Jul 14, 2017
  2. kille72

    kille72 LI Guru Member

    cert/keys (Custom Configuration):

    ca /path/ca.crt
    cert /path/server.crt
    key /path/server.key
    dh /path/dh2048.pem
    tls-auth /path/static.key 1
    richyroland and NutsN'bolts like this.
  3. richyroland

    richyroland New Member Member

    thanks, this is already helpful!

    However, excuse me that I am a crypto and linux beginner... So some comprehension questions:

    - How to I get the content of this dh2048.pem - file out of the "config"-file I cited above? I don't see the section that might be the equivalent.

    - How must I translate the "config" - file-content into these seperate certificate-files? Is there a syntax, or do I simply copy everything between
    (key deleted for forum)
    -----END CERTIFICATE-----
    into the ca.crt - file (and similar for the other files)?

    - Do I guess right, that the content of the config files translates as follows into the seperate files?:
    <ca> - </ca> ---> ca.crt
    <cert> - </cert> ---> server.crt
    <key> - </key> ---> server.key
    <tls-auth> - </tls-auth> ---> static.key

    - What would be the synthax to introduce into custom configuration the following settings (or do I just write them into the field as such?):
    auth SHA512
    fragment 1300
  4. richyroland

    richyroland New Member Member

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